Sunday, May 24, 2020
Bakla and gays are two different types of people. They are defined differently, gay is defined as a male desiring to have sex with other males, the term bakla is someone who is in-between or as described in the book by Manalansan a Ã¢â¬Å"male body with a female heartÃ¢â¬ (pg 25). To the Filipino people and their cultutre bakla is a term to describe a third gender they do not see these people as gay. These people speak swardspeak, which is slang that they speak. Furthermore, bakla people are not seen differently by the Filipino people, it is apart of their culture. Bakla people and gays are two different types of people which can be seen in this book with Manalansans examples. The term gay and bakla have two different meanings, they may have some similar aspects however they are two types of people. Ã¢â¬Å"Barry Adam (1990) characterized the emergence of gay identity as part of a Ã¢â¬Å"modern homosexualityÃ¢â¬ that arose more distinctly at the turn of the twentieth century and was formalized in the Stonewall Rebellion in New York City in 1969Ã¢â¬ (pg 22). The gay identity is defined by an acknowledgment of a Ã¢â¬Å"manÃ¢â¬ who desires to have sex with other Ã¢â¬Å"menÃ¢â¬ . Being gay is more than just same sex desires and sexual acts, it has a distinctive system. Also the word gay has what many people say a white and more masculine connotation, it is not only someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s sexuality, however a political and cultural category persay, which the bakla are not. The word gay is more widely used in the United States and hasShow MoreRelatedLgbt19540 Words Ã |Ã 79 Pagesfor lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and along with heterosexual they describe peoples sexual orientation or gender identity. These terms are explained in more detail here. Lesbian A lesbian woman is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to women. Many lesbians prefer to be called lesbian rather than gay. Gay A gay man is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to men. The word gay can be used to refer generally to lesbian, gay and bisexual
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
TransitionsÃ¢â¬âMiddle Phase Practice Simone G. Benson Fordham University Spring 2015 The agency where I am interning is Partnership with Children. Ã¢â¬Å"PartnershipÃ¢â¬ as it is called, works to strengthen the emotional, social and academic skills of at-risk children to prepare them for success--academically, socially, and in life. Ã¢â¬Å"PartnershipÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ programs aim to bridge the gap between those who have a vested interest in working within New York CityÃ¢â¬â¢s highest-need public schools, and those in need. Ã¢â¬Å"PartnershipÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ goal is to transform the overall culture of many of the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s struggling schools by helping students cope with the extreme stress of living in poverty. Helping students thrive in safe and supportive schools that encourageÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦My role at the school is to provide one-on-one counseling for identified, at risk youth, as well as to co-facilitate groups--both full classroom and afterschool. I currently have five students in my individual caseload; I co-facilitate one after-sc hool group for 3rd grade boys, and a 1st and 2nd grade boysÃ¢â¬â¢ group one day per week during lunch. My client, whom I will call Ã¢â¬Å"Jay,Ã¢â¬ is an eight-year-old, African-American boy, who was referred to our agency by his mother who wanted him to get Ã¢â¬Å"any services he could get for free.Ã¢â¬ He has some emotional and behavioral deficiencies, and does not handle stress well. He has frequent outbursts in class, and reacts without thinking. He needs to work on his interaction skills, and develop strategies that will help him use his words instead of physical reactions when he is frustrated. Because his trigger is frustration, he needs to learn to respond in a positive manner to his peers and teachers. Also, Ã¢â¬Å"JayÃ¢â¬ needs to learn how to think and act independently. According to the National Association of Social Workers website, Ã¢â¬Å"Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends: helping people obtain tangible services; counseling and psychotherapy wi th individuals, families, and groups; helping communities or groups provide orShow MoreRelatedThe Middle Phase Of Learning1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesschools, the Middle Phase of Learning is a distinct period for students in the Year 4 to Year 9 cohorts. It is divided into two phases. The onset of the Middle Phase of Learning is a time of transition, many learners are keen to discover and investigate an extensive range of learning experiences. However, some learners begin to lose interest and progress in learning may diminish. The subsequent phase for learners, is filled with challenges. Physical, emotional, intellectual and social issues can impactRead MorePhysical Development in Middle Childhood Essay1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinfluenced by diverse factors. Phases of development extend from the beginnings of human life and continue throughout the lifespan. These developmental phases are characterised by a range of features including brain development, language development and socia l development amongst others. Gross motor skills include activities such as running, skipping and jumping. They involve the use of the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s larger muscle groups. Gross motor skills greatly improve in middle childhood due to increased muscleRead MoreAnti Islam : Anti Oppressive Practice Essay1683 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGROUP WORK ASSIGNMENT ON: - ANTI-OPPRESSIVE PRACTICE Name Ã¢â¬â KOUSHIK MAHATO Enrolment No. - M2015CJ010 Course Teacher - Prof. BIPIN JOJO INTRODUCTION Ã¢â¬ËAnti-Oppressive PracticeÃ¢â¬â¢- is an umbrella term that encircles radical, structural, critical, feminist, liberal, anti-racist framework practice approaches. But it is not limited within those approaches. Anti-Oppressive social work is a practice represents the theories and approaches of social justice. Anti-Oppressive Practice (AOP) isRead MoreEconomics and the Role of the Retiree1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Economics and the Role of the Retiree Paper May 31, 2015 HCS/557 Social and Cultural Aspects Aging Professor Andrea Wright-Valdez Economics and the Role of the Retiree The present economic influence in the United States has forced the role seniors and those in younger age groups to make modifications to their retirement strategy. For the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s in this country with the economic status currently and current retirement plans, they may need to make an alterations in their retirementRead MoreWhat Led to Chinas 1989 Student Demonstrations Essay example800 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand the market and between the state, the collective, and the individual, one difference was evident. The peasants were dissatisfied with the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s planned economy during the Cultural Revolution, but in 1989, market-based reforms angered all social groups except the one in power. SeldenÃ¢â¬â¢s article illustrates the two challenges China faced during the Communist Revolution: reaching economic prosperity while maintaining political power and keeping tension between the state and the individual atRead MoreEarly and Middle Adulthood paper1486 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Early and Middle Adulthood Paper Joseph Randle PSY/280 06/07/15 Dennis Plunkett Early and Middle Adulthood Paper Early to Middle Adulthood covers a vast age group. This age group is from 18 years of age to 65 and more. There are many changes that an individual will experience while at the beginning of this age groups and transcending through till the end. The most obvious of these changes can be recognized by appearance, being the physical change. However, there are far more changes that happenRead MoreMeaningful Social Studies Essay1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMeaningful Social Studies Introduction Today many classroom teachers are faced with the challenge of delivering meaningful and powerful social studies lessons to their students. This paper will explain how the learning cycle can help students gain a better understanding when learning new concepts. This paper will also give an example of a Native American Indians unit can be taught in a 4th grade classroom, covering the following contents: Location; Movement/Migration; and Individuals Groups,Read MoreThe Effects Of Inequality On The Everyday Lives Of The Children / Families984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages so much so that time would not permit them to be discussed. First, there are basically three groups in society: Upper-class, Middle (working) class, and the Poor. In her study Lareau broke these groups into sub-groups mainly either black or white. According to www.study.com Ã¢â¬Å"Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards), or different social positions or statuses within a group or society.Ã¢â¬ Based on www.thwink.org. Ã¢â¬Å"More than anything else, an analytical approach isRead MoreActivity Theory As A Theoretical Framework1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLiterature article Roos, A., (2015) Activity theory as a theoretical framework in the study of information practices in molecular medicine. Health Information Libraries Journal, 32, 23Ã¢â¬â36 This article uses the Ã¢â¬Å"Research studies in social or collaborative computing which use the theory as a framework to examine the use of a productÃ¢â¬ option to apply the Activity theory to a current social issue. This paper describes the application Activity Theory (AT)2 to 1. comprehend the systematic step-wiseRead MoreThe Career Phases Of A Nurse s Career Essay917 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStudy # 1 Ã¢â¬â Leadership in the West Wing on p.664 of Longest Darr 6th ed. Shirley (2009) (cited by Marquis Huston, 2012) delineates career phases for nurses: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Promise- This stage is the early career phase. The nurse is inexperienced. There is a focus on building expertise, socialization, and determining career goals. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Momentum - This stage is in the middle of a nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s career. The nurse is experienced, has mastery of skills, and accomplishments. One can become stagnate in this stage. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Harvest
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Parenting is never an easy task. How the children are being raised is always the parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ prerogative. Parental child rearing styles are key components to assessing emotional attachments, respect, and other domains of parent-child interaction. We will write a custom essay sample on A parentÃ¢â¬â¢s dilemma or any similar topic only for you Order Now The belief system, societal norms, and culture are basic ingredients in understanding parental personality and psychopathology. The drama of leaving the young ones behind while daddy and mommy go to work has always been quite difficult for the parents. Therefore relationship between parents and children breakdown to a state more often channeled through professional agencies such as babysitters and other childcare to look after them while at work. Moreover it is still parentÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility to ensure that children behave in a way acceptable to societal norms and community. Considering that disruptive behaviors of children are always followed by criticisms concerning parental irresponsibility, it has always been a headache when some values of the babysitter were being incorporated and taught to the children. Parents tried to compensate absence making calls every now and then to check the kids. But the relationship and the values that children gather is more on witnessing the adult that they are spending a majority of their time in a day. My mother used to call me three times a day. If she is busy she forgot and I got no calls to expect. It is lonely when parents are not at home. This is true especially when I get sick and is left under the care of a babysitter. When I have a slight fever and I want a hug and have someone beside me, the babysitter depending on their race, can be cold at times. I may have my medicines but I still can sense I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what is lacking. Affection and love is really not there, just not there. The need to support high cost maintenance of rearing children and coping up basic needs like education and food has given rise to mothers definitely working to help sustain finances. The common practice of family work balance still refers to women as continually responsible for most of the work associated with child rearing. The behavior of children continues to project experience from other changes made within family context. From my experience, some babysitters tend to be warm and nice in front of my parents and start to change course of mood the moment the car is already off the driveway. They become distant and grouchy in my every request. Food sometimes is a problem. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like how they prepare my meals. I noticed that I was becoming uncaring and disrespectful too even with my parents. The attitude puzzled them. The idea seems to go around like this: what you see is what you portray. Pay off for both parents working are the quantity and nature of family social capital. This is evidenced by home environments. This relatively means that the number of hours parents spend working impacts family strength and relationships. Mothers spending more time with children create stronger home environments. The consequence of changing context of parental employment affects the kind of parenting the children benefits and receives. It also shows significant effect on the quality of care giving experience they are receiving. When dad was promoted and he got a nicer pay than the previous month, mom decided to shit from full time work to part time work. I was very happy then and I really value her presence and was really thankful she is the one caring for me most of the time. When Dad had another promotion, the house was already filled with luxury items and my things and my bed are really nice. I have my allowance and I can buy items whenever mother decides for a short trip to the supermarket on mornings for groceries. How to cite A parentÃ¢â¬â¢s dilemma, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
History of Christianity in Africa Europeans nations such as, Britain, France, Portugal, Italy etc. Wanted to expand their territory, spread the ways of their culture and beliefs, find new resources and markets. At that time, Africa seemed like the perfect place to explore. There was not much known about the mysterious continent and this ignited their curiosity. They wanted to know the kind of potential benefits Africa would bring. Since these powerful European nations didnt know what to expect, they sent in explorers like, Gill Manes and Mongo Park.The explorers acted like spies. They went to through many different African actions to find Out, which people were friendly and which werent. Also they were supposed to explore the popular river systems and find what kind of raw materials were sold. They wrote about all their adventures, experiences, the kind of people they have met and the things they see in journals, that were later read by the powerful colonial governments. We will write a custom essay sample on History of Christianity in Africa or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page After the explorers did their part missionaries were sent to Africa.Before the missionaries came to Africa, the religion that was practiced were oral and very traditional. And rulers in African nations were closely linked to religion, rulers were also seen as spiritual leaders. And they are looked up to by the people, for guidance, strength and prosperity. In the early sixteen centuries, Portugal sent in Catholic missionaries to gain the trust of certain African rulers, and convert them. Portugal was hoping that the converted rulers, would trust them and become allies.At first, different African nations were curious about the missionaries, and were only interested in new trading markets but once the missionaries criticized their religious practices, they felt threatened and had many of these missionaries thrown and often killed. During the nineteenth centuries, Christianity started o rise in many African nations. Most of the missionaries, felt that Africa non- Muslim Africans lacked any religious structure. They felt that that their ritual acts were barbaric and believed that it was their duty to bring Christianity, civilize and save the souls of the non believing Africans.They were also hoping to push their own cultural ways on them. For example, the converted Africans had AAA certain dress code and they couldnt dance nor drink. While before they had multiple wives, the now had to limit themselves in monogamous marriage. But in order to do all that they needed the trust of the Africans. They finally found the solution Slavery. They decided to preach against slavery and the slave trade. The slave traders were very powerful and settled. They also had control over the ivory trade. So the missionaries tried press the slave trade by asking for protection fro the British. They were hoping that the slavers would give up that control. There were some advantages the missionaries brought, they introduced formal education to the Africans by opening schools. They started teaching the way of the bible. In order to do that, the missionaries had to learn the local dialects that was spoken. And that they did. The bible in many languages were translated by the missionaries. They opened up clinics, and this helped to lower the death rates. Living conditions were improved and literacy rates increased. Most of the European missionaries worked actively for their government. Sometimes they asked for protection from their government when political conflicts threatens to expose their missions. Missionaries from each European nation worked to convince African rulers to trust them. Most of them tried to exert political control of the unsuspecting African states and rule their kingdoms.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
Introduction The program of Career Technical Education (CTE) is a crucial model for success. Its structure contains fifty clusters of career in the California Region Occupational Programs. In addition, it has ninety-six pathways of career. The students in CTE program have many benefits.Advertising We will write a custom dissertation sample on Career and Technical Education specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More First, it enables the students to choose from a wide range of careers. This wide range of careers enables the student to understand their interests in the right way. Consequently, they choose appropriate paths that lead them to academic prosperity in learning institutions. The program enables the learners to acquire crucial academic skills and technical knowledge. It, also, nurtures a strong foundation in academics. CTE offers experience in the respective career fields. This prepares students to become competitive professionals i n their operations. Competence is a factor that raises their demand in the job market. It provides internships which help them to acquire working experience. The working experience provides prerequisite knowledge on professional code of conduct and employerÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations. CTE program, therefore, generates innovative and high performing students. In this case, it produces equipped professionals who can work under stress, good team players and innovators. Problem Statement There are various challenges that face California educational system. The challenges are financial, organizational and structural. One of the most critical challenges is the inability to satisfy the needs of the entire student in public schools. TradeMartes has written an article suggesting that California is reluctant. The article suggests that California lacks diligence in determining the tools needed for education in the advanced levels (Trademartes.com, 2013). The aim of CTE program is to provide theoret ical knowledge alongside practical implementation of theory.Advertising Looking for dissertation on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It seeks to help the student in applying the skills they learn during classes. Insufficient resources lead to lack of practical skills that discourage students to continue with their education. California educational department shows discontinuation of eighteen percent of the learners who began their high school education in the year 2006. In 2012, some of the students took the K-12 curriculum together with their classes. The dropouts portray an academic gap between age mates and the students from Hispania, Africa and England. Research question The evaluation of the problem statement raises a crucial concern. In this case, we have the issue relating to dropping out and insufficient resources. We, therefore, seek to understand the effect of Career and Technical Education at various level s of learning. This research will address the question Ã¢â¬Å"What would be the effect on learners in the 11th and 12th grades in case Career and Technical Education on the high school campuses and region occupational centers were moved to the community colleges in the state of California?Ã¢â¬ Hypothesis Education has crucial initiatives to regulate the learning processes. The initiatives include effectiveness of teachers, eliminating gap of achievement, nurturing literacy, incorporating business partners, practical implementation, development of professions and encouraging evaluation. Career and Technical Education has connections with the educational initiatives at high school and college levels. In high school and college, an effective CTE program depends on the roles of unions, industrial contribution and business partners.Advertising We will write a custom dissertation sample on Career and Technical Education specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More They, also, ensure that the program is flexible and efficient. The movement of CTE program to the colleges would inculcate better working experiences and practices during learning process. Sample population Our target population comprises of the high school dropouts. They have a population size that is large. As a result, we cannot collect information from the whole population. Therefore, we will consider a sample population. Also, we will consider the information collected from the sample population as a true reflection of the whole population. In this case, the sample will be collected using the random purposive method. The random purposive selection will ensure that the sample population is not in favor of any desired result. It, therefore, eliminates biasness and provides reliable results. In the sample population, we shall consider three data sets. These include the students who have already dropped out, the continuing ones, and the educators. In this case, the dropouts will give their past experience in high school. On the other side, the continuing students will give the present experience on the challenges and strength of CTE program in high school. This will enhance diversification of views that provide reliable conclusion. The population will incorporate student below and above the age of fifteen. Since variation in age is crucial, students below the age of fifteen will possibly have a different view from those above the age of fifteen. This variation will, therefore, ensure that the results are reliable. In addition, we will collect data from the CTE educators. The educators will help in providing the effects of the program on output rather than perspective. They will provide information that does not only rely on opinions, but also the real performance of students in the system.Advertising Looking for dissertation on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This diversification in terms of age, status of learning, and position in the system will provide credible results. Literature Review The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth that was collected, in 1997, forms the basis of PlankÃ¢â¬â¢s article. The PlankÃ¢â¬â¢s article utilizes the survey to determine the correlation between high school curriculum and student dropouts. Specifically, it seeks to understand the influence of combining CTE and academic courses. In particular, the article aims at determining the likelihood of a student dropping out from school when they are exposed to this combination. The model of hazards shows a significant curvilinear correlation between the CTE course taking and dropping out. They observed this for the youths with the age of at most fourteen years. This implies that the combination of academic curriculum and CTE strengthen the middle-aged students in education. On the same light, the correlation did not exist for students that were aged at least fifteen years. There was a high risk of the students dropping out of school when they were exposed to that combination. In the school setup, the students above the age of fifteen were old for the grade. As a result, they had less attachment to the system (Plank, DeLuca Estacion, 2008). This article provides various solutions for the problem in academics. Math, writing and literacy are the primary components of academic integration. It suggests that there are various ways in which the CTE instructors could combine the three skills. One of the most effective ways is the natural combination of the three basic academic skills (MacQuarrie, 2008). In vocational and technical education, Abiddin (2012) suggests that coaching is a crucial factor in educational training. In addition, Abiddin suggested that training is a crucial tool in developing peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ professions. The researcher, further, suggests that coaching have a connection to professional progress, personal development, and developing career of the coached person. In this case, both the coach and the person being coached must play their roles completely. However, they should carry out their duties within the limits of the organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ program of training. This article provides a summary of the existing information which guides the two players to train in the best way. The summary, thus, provide guidelines that lead to effective training. The guidelines include coaching model, coachÃ¢â¬â¢s role, and the relationship between the coach and the person being coached (Abiddin Ismail, 2012). Methods This research adopted the research synthesis strategy. The strategy supported examination of original or basic primary schooling. The examination was carried out on various factors of CTE program. It examines the program in a bid to integrate, explain, and synthesize the information of scholarship. The review of the existing literature aims at determining and providing an analysis of the present issue s and trends in the publications of research. The size of the existing literature about this research is large. As a result, keeping the updates of the recent studies is challenging. Therefore, the research uses systematic reviews. Systematic reviews aim at pooling the finding of various researches together. Although the reviews are becoming common, many nurses are ignorant about them. They, also, do not have sufficient knowledge of conducting them. On this light, this overview focuses on providing a hint on how to conduct a qualitative review. It, thus, discusses on how to start a synthesis, the steps involved in synthesis, and how to report the findings. Conclusion We appreciate the strengths of Career and Technical Education that are portrayed in this essay. However, we recognize that the stage of introducing the program is crucial. This research will, therefore, help in determining impact that the program will have on the students at different levels of learning. It attempts to answer this question through an interaction with the various players that are found in its setup. Although it considers a few numbers of people within the target population, the selection is random. This will enable us to obtain reliable and credible results. The methodology we use in analysis is desirable. It seeks to analyze a large volume of existing literature through reviews. This will help to pool the results in one analysis. As a result, we describe the research as satisfactory. Implications There are various implications that we make from the research. First, we imply that teaching theory alongside practice is one of the best practices in education. It offers the required competence to the student leading to high demand in the job market. As a result, we describe CTE as one of the most crucial program that we can adopt. However, the time of applying the program should be considered. Application of CTE to students at the age of at most fourteen is fruitful in a significant ma nner. Above the age of fifteen, we lose students from the system as a result of combining the CTE program with the academic curriculum. This implies that the combination should be applied to students at the age of at most fourteen years. We, also, imply that the success depends on the overall input of the coach and the person being coached. The relationship they maintain should be within the limits of the organization. On the same light, they should play their individual roles to obtain the desired results. References Abiddin, N., Ismail, A. (2012). Building Excellent Workforce through Effective Coaching for CoacheesÃ¢â¬â¢ Development. International Journal of Education, 4(2), 101-111. MacQuarrie, D. L. (2008). Academics in CTE Programs: Fully Preparing Students for Their Next Step. Techniques: Connecting Education and Careers, 83(8), 30-33. Plank, S. B., DeLuca, S., Estacion, A. (2008). High School Dropout and the Role of Career And Technical Education: A Survival Analysis of S urviving High School. Sociology of Education, 81(4), 345-370. TradeMartes (2013). The current problem in education in California. Web. This dissertation on Career and Technical Education was written and submitted by user JackPower to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Capstone Project Paper Essays Capstone Project Paper Essay Capstone Project Paper Essay Personal Savings Rate: Worse than we Thought Introduction The article discusses the saving trends noted in the American economy since the 1970s. Jones notes that, the amount of savings have declined drastically from the 5-7 percent range to stand currently at 1-3 percent (Jones, 2010). These statistical figures have been computed as proportions of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The ongoing debate related to the case constitutes a dual relationship with one side arguing that saving rates do not constitute to an economic concern while the other group maintains that it is a serious economic subject. Savings is the proportion of disposable individual earnings that are not spent on consumption and taxes. Mortgages are not considered as overheads in the computation of savings and this has acted as a point of disputation for some economists that believe it is an expense. Those that reject the inclusion of mortgages as an expense hold the view that the costs incurred in form of mortgages are accounted by the value increment and therefore the cos ts become savings. One of the reasons identified for the decline on savings is the low return afforded to savings. Low savings pose a major economic risk as it enhances American dependence on foreign capital. Analysis The federal government, or rather all forms of governments, majorly depend on the public funds mopped up through taxation programs to finance state projects. The same finances are used for remuneration purposes to civil servants. Generally, state budgets tend to be higher than the allocated monetary amount in form of revenue and this leads to the creation of a deficit. To overcome the deficit created, the government resorts to borrowing practices, mainly from foreign sources to supplement the shortage created. Gupta (2001) refers to this practice as deficit financing, which is Ã¢â¬Å"a deliberately created gap between public revenue and public expenditureÃ¢â¬ ¦to bring borrowingÃ¢â¬ ¦ that results inÃ¢â¬ ¦aggregate expenditureÃ¢â¬ ¦of additional money supply,Ã¢â¬ (p. 356). The inference therefore implied by this argument is that, when the government acquires ten percent of the total budget allocations from the public, then the remaining ninety percent has to be financed as a d eficit. In 2009, the American economy recorded a negative percentage after a period of forty-seven years and the trend will possibly continue in the subsequent periods unless saving patterns are reversed in the country. The costs attached to foreign capital tend to increase with the amount of finances acquired and this makes the cost of capital to be expensive. Jones (2010) notes that the saving patterns will move from bad to worse due to the demographic figures that project that within the next fifteen years, eighteen percent of Americans will be aged at sixty-five years or more. Consequently, their saving ability will be greatly reduced. Americas current government spending stands at ten percent of its GDP. If the economy continues to accrue negative percentages from the public, then the government will be forced to borrow more from foreigners and the risks attached to this be multiplied dramatically. Conclusion Savings are viewed as economic monetary bases required for the maintenance of economic continuity (Pearce Barbier, 2000). Borrowed funds work best if invested since this leads to the earning of additional resources that are then used to finance back the former debt. Loans that are employed to finance consumption have a higher cost as accounted by both monetary and opportunity costs attached to the use. Drastic measures are required to ensure that the American saving rates are enhanced. This can be achieved by such measures as increased taxes, enhanced economic expansion and higher saving rates. Although most consumers may not agree with the proposed techniques to increase the amount of revenue for government spending, the choice largely lies with the public to forego comfort for the sake of the future or be prepared to pay the cost related to higher foreign borrowing, which is relatively higher.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Disparities and access to healthy food in the United States - Essay Example Only 81% are able to eat the kinds of foods they want but majority also have to travel a far distance to reach the grocery stores of supermarkets (Larson, Story and Nelson, 2009). Research indicates that 8% of African Americans lack access to food while only 41% of the whites have access to food (U.S Department of Agriculture, 2009). The problem as indicated above is caused by food deserts. The other cause for these statistics are the fact that the supermarkets and groceries are not stocked with the kind of food people want and hence they end up not purchasing anything or just enough to eliminate their hunger but not get satisfied. Lastly is the main reason which is the socio-economic status of people. People fail to access food not because it is unavailable but simply because they cannot afford it. The healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables are expensive and hence they rely on unhealthy risking diseases. Over 46% of low income neighbors have limited household access to healthy foods dues to their high prices (Larson, Story and Nelson, 2009). When there is food desert in any neighborhood, the only people who will be able to purchase the desired and affordable food are those with readily available transportation and money for the food which means those in middle and high level of socio-economic status. Transportation in the rural areas is hard to come by and hence they lack access to healthy food. Majority of the city dwellers also face similar problem as their neighborhoods are filled with convenience stores and fast food joints and very few, sparsely spaced supermarkets and grocery stores. This translates to people within that neighborhood eating unhealthy foods majority of the time. The lack of access to healthy foods due to lack of access to supermarkets and grocery stores as well as the disparity in healthy food as a result of affordability calls for a policy to improve these low statistics if the US citizens are to start being healthy people and